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Friday, October 16, 2020 | History

3 edition of Traditional customs, human rights, gender, and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania found in the catalog.

Traditional customs, human rights, gender, and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania

Melkiory Masatu

Traditional customs, human rights, gender, and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania

a research report

by Melkiory Masatu

  • 102 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by CEDHA, ELCT, DCA in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 31).

Other titlesLocal community competence building
Statementinvestigators, Melkiory Masatu, Sidney Ndeki, Ramadhan Mwampambe.
ContributionsNdeki, Sydney., Mwampambe, Ramadhan.
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 42 p. ;
Number of Pages42
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16344728M
LC Control Number2007382295

2 er-ce on NGO AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ANC Antenatal care ART Antiretroviral therapy CDC Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (USA) GBV Gender-based violence HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus IDU Injected Drug User IPV Intimate partner violence M & E Monitoring and Evaluation MSM Men who have sex with men Non-Governmental Organization UNDP .   The relationship between medically performed male circumcision (MC) and HIV is crucial, because three randomised controlled trials conducted in South Africa [], Kenya [] and Uganda [] have demonstrated that MC reduces the risk of heterosexual HIV infection by approximately 60%.The overall prevalence of MC in Tanzania is estimated at 70% with regional variations from % in Kagera to .

The UN Secretary General highlighted in a report in that ‘the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS recognised the harmful effects of unequal gender norms and practices and pledged concerted action to eliminate gender inequalities’ (UN , p. 19).In the UN Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS: Intensifying our efforts to eliminate HIV and AIDS (UN ) member states agreed to. Her graduate thesis ‘Women’s Rights and the AIDS Epidemic in Tanzania’ was published in in the book Voices of African Women: Women’s Rights in Ghana, Uganda and Tanzania. Ms Tungaraza wrote this in her capacity as Women’s Human Rights Advisor for Nagaad, a women’s rights umbrella organization in Somaliland.

HIV/AIDS requires a gender-specific response, and this manual has been prepared in response to this need. It aims to help trainers enhance their understanding of the gender dimensions of HIV/AIDS, and effectively influence change makers in their "spheres of influence" to undertake appropriate responses to the challenges being posed by the epidemic. The United Nations Human Rights Council in October at its meeting in Geneva completed a Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the human rights situation in Tanzania. At this UPR, Slovenia, Sweden, and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) publicly urged Tanzania to repeal its statutes that criminalize same-sex sexual activities.


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Traditional customs, human rights, gender, and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania by Melkiory Masatu Download PDF EPUB FB2

Inmillion people were living with HIV in Tanzania. This Traditional customs to an estimated HIV prevalence among adults of %.1 In the same year, 72, people were newly infected with HIV, people died from an AIDS-related illness.2 Despite the numbers, Tanzania has done well to control the HIV epidemic over the last decade.

This book provides a compilation of the discussions and lessons sharing from the regional traditional leaders summit hosted by the Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS). The focus of the summit was to provide a platform for traditional leaders in southern Africa to come together to discuss how they became engaged in fighting GBV and harmful cultural practices.

In Tanzania, as is generally the case for sub-Saharan Africa, there are about women for every male victim of HIV/AIDS, Leoni Msimbe, a director from Tanzania's Ministry of Community Development, Gender and Children in Tanzania, told a workshop in Arusha, Tanzania.

human rights   This new work surveys how rapid changes taking place at the start of the twenty-first century in social, cultural, political and economic domains impact on sexuality, health and human rights. The relationships between men, women and children are changing quickly, as are traditional family structures and gender norms.

What were once viewed as private matters have become public, and an. Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights’’) (23). Subsequent resolut ions in and asked states to report on measures taken, where appropriate, to promote and.

Legal and Human Rights Education Training Economic Empowerment Employment General and Reproductive Health HIV and AIDS Food Security and Nutrition Division of Labour Customs and Traditions Gender and Advocacy CHAPTER III: IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK.

The Gender Equality and Women Empowerment (GEWE II) project has been implemented in ten (10) districts gender Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar since The project is aimed at contributing to the improvement of the living conditions of men and women in Tanzania through a support that promotes gender equality and empowerment of women.

It is common knowledge that the African continent has been hit hardest by the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Over the past 25 years, Africa has been the prime victim of a small, but highly intelligent virus, which has infected and killed millions of people, and significantly hampered the growth and development of a land with abundant potential.

The epidemic has ravaged Africa far more viciously than. Certain traditions and customs, including bridal inheritance, Gender and human rights in HIV and AIDS education in Africa TANZANIA MALAWI “Gender equality must be at the core of all.

traditions and cultural practices are positive when they are distorted and abused, they gender inequality, male dominance, son preference UCH HAS BEEN WRITTEN about women’s human rights and the harmful gender-related cultural practices that affect them, particularly in Africa but also elsewhere.

HIV/Aids (Ruby & Benjamin). It is. Interventions to promote women’s health and control HIV/AIDS and most laws and policies either neglect women’s rights or, if they do mention them, are not implemented.

This complacency is illustrated by the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Right of Women in Africa (the African Women’s Protocol), which.

Customary laws and traditional institutions in Africa constitute comprehensive legal systems that regulate the entire spectrum of activities from birth to death. Once the sole source of law, customary rules now exist in the context of pluralist legal systems with competing bodies of domestic constitutional law, statutory law, common law and international human rights treaties.

inhibit structural and attitudinal changes necessary to eliminate gender inequality. As early as the s, United Nations specialized agencies and human rights bodies began considering the question of harmful traditional practices affecting the health of women, in particular female genital mutilation.

It is the worst affected region by the HIV/Aids. Studies have revealed that 80% of HIV transmission in Africa is via the heterosexual route and 12% via mother to child route.

Blood transfusion is estimated at %. Unsafe medical injections are suspected to contribute to percent of HIV spread in Africa though this data is not certain1.

Culture matters because cultural traditions and beliefs are often stronger than laws and to get to the roots of human rights issues we need to engage at a cultural level. As an example, discrimination and violence against women and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation and child marriage are illegal in many countries—they are.

Interrogating Traditionalism: Gender and Swazi Culture in HIV/AIDS Policy. Journal of Contemporary African Studies, "50 Years of Swazi Independence" theme issue, V.

• Harmful traditional practices are largely carried out without the consent of the girl/woman involved and thus constitute a violation of human rights as set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

As with all forms of violence against women and girls, harmful traditional practices are caused by gender. Isolation of HIV-like viruses from African green monkeys and macaques has raised the possibility that AIDS has somehow been passed to humans from non-human primates.

Such transmission could have been an isolated, rare event, with HIV evolving independently from a single point of origin. HIV-positive mother and child in Tanzania: Low economic and social status, along with other factors, leave women more vulnerable than men to raph: PictureNET Africa / Frederic.

Culture of Tanzania - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Sa-Th With the advent of the HIV-AIDS epidemic and the decrease in social services, the poorest families are no longer able to care for all of their children and relatives.

In many rural areas of Tanzania, tribal customs advocate a gender. Collaboration with traditional healers in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature review Coping Strategies.

Livelihood Strategies. Land Policy. Human Rights. Agriculture Policy. Dispossessed Women. Property-Rights Violations. Inter-linkages between culture, gender based violence, HIV and AIDS and women's rights.

The HIV epidemic in the SADC Region is a feminised epidemic; females are more affected and infected. It is also driven by stigma and discrimination on status of infection and sexual orientation and marginalisation.

Because of this the region agreed on mainstreaming HIV with a gender and human rights sensitive approach.[NAIROBI] Harmful traditional practices such as keeping concubines and inheriting wives of deceased family members put men in Sub-Saharan Africa at risk of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS, a study says.

Researchers explain that traditional practices that infringe on the rights of women and girls tend to receive more attention than those that negatively impact men’s health.